Periodontal disease often begins with subtle changes to your gums that, unfortunately, often go unnoticed until they begin to cause major damage to your gums and loosen up your teeth. To combat this, your Smyrna, GA, dentist, Dr. Michael Nguyen of Highland Dental, helps you care for your gums and provides effective treatments for periodontal disease. Read on to learn more!
Periodontal disease starts with gingivitis
Gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, occurs when your gums become inflamed. This inflammation occurs due to the presence of bacterial-laden plaque and tartar that occur due to inadequate oral hygiene. If plaque stays on your teeth for as little as a week, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar that can only be removed by a professional cleaning.
Inflammed gums tend to bleed easily when you brush and floss your teeth. Bleeding isn't normal and should never be ignored. Your gums may be puffy, red and tender if you have gingivitis and might even begin to recede slightly. Fortunately, in many cases, a dental cleaning and better oral hygiene can reverse gingivitis.
Symptoms worsen if gingivitis isn't treated
Gingivitis eventually turns into the more severe form of periodontal disease if you don't visit your Smyrna dentist for a cleaning. Gum pain, tenderness, and swelling continues, along with an increased presence of bad breath.
As the disease progresses, deep pockets form in the gum tissue around your teeth. These pockets then fill with bacteria that attack your gum tissue, ligaments, and bones that hold your teeth in place. Eventually, you may even lose teeth if you don't receive treatment.
How we can help
A deep cleaning to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria above and below the gum line may be recommended if you have periodontal disease. If you've lost a significant amount of gum or bone tissue, you may need grafts to replace and repair these structures. Gum surgery may be required to close the pockets and help your gums adhere to your teeth once again.
Fortunately, it's easy to prevent gum disease simply by brushing and flossing thoroughly every day and visiting your dentist every six months for a cleaning and exam.
Concerned? Give us a call
Do you have any periodontal disease signs and symptoms? Call your Smyrna, GA, dentist, Dr. Michael Nguyen of Highland Dental, at (678) 305-9916 to schedule an appointment.